Costa Rica, officially the Republic of Costa Rica, is the second smallest country of Central America after El Salvador. Nicaragua is located in its northwest, Panama in the southeast, the Pacific Ocean in the southwest and west and the Caribbean Sea in the east. During his discovery in 1502, Christopher Columbus called here "Costa Rica", which means "rich coast" due to its gold deposits in this region; today's local people are the Spanish who migrated to the region from Guatemala in the 16th century. Costa Rica, which declared its independence and survived the domination of the Spanish on September 15, 1821, started to develop from the 19th century.
San Jose, its capital and one of the most modern cities, is located in the center of Costa Rica. The official language of Costa Rica, which has a population of approximately 3 million people, is Spanish. Colón is the currency of the country. Cartago, Heredia, Limon, Puntarenos and San Juan are among the other major cities of Costa Rica composed of a total of 7 different regions.
The sector of forestry is developed in the country which is highly covered by forests. Agriculture and livestock are also considered to be important sources of living. Since Costa Rica's economy is based on agriculture, almost 55% of its population is engaged in agricultural activities. Coffee and banana are the main export products that significantly contribute to the country's economy.
In the country, industrial and mining sectors are not developed. In Costa Rica, tourism sector is of great importance in terms of economic development. The hottest period of Costa Rica is between December and April. In coastal areas where wind is dominant, humid equatorial climate prevails. In central areas, warm climate is effective while cold climate is effective in higher areas. The average temperature in the coastal areas of Costa Rica, where the winter months are not too severe, is between 25 and 32 degrees, while it is between 21 and 27 degrees in central areas. In higher parts, the average temperature does not exceed 10 degrees.
Many of the festivals organized in the country take place in the capital San Jose, but other cities in the country also host various entertaining shows and events. The Costa Rica Music Festival, which is one of its most famous festivals, is held in the capital in August. Other famous festivals are the GeoParadise New Year Festival organized in Osa-Peninsula in December and Rainforest Aid organized in the same place. In addition, enthusiastic shows are organized on September 15, the country's independence day.
Its cuisine is very rich. Gallo pinto, which is one of the most famous and delicious dishes in its traditional cuisine, is prepared by mixing beans and fried rice and is usually served for breakfast in the morning. Another famous dish is a kind of casserole called Picadillo, which is cooked with meat, tomatoes, potatoes, onions and various kinds of spices.
When it comes to Costa Rica national cuisine, special desserts and cocktails mixed with tropical fruits are among the tastes that you should definitely try in the country.
You can visit our website to find the most budget-friendly airline tickets if you want to travel to Costa Rica. After buying your ticket, you can take the road to this beautiful country and discover its beauties.